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Brain Tumours


Understanding your diagnosis

As the news of having a brain tumour breaks, it is

Shattering and panicky. The information in this brochure

Helps you and your family to understand the disease and

can help you to work with the health care team to choose the

best treatment option available


What is Cancer?

All cells in the body are programmed to grow, work,

Reproduce and die. Sometimes this programming gets

Disturbed and results in abnormal uncontrolled growth of

Some cells. These growing abnormal cells forms lumps

called tumours. Tumours may be benign (stay at one

place) or malignant (spread to other areas).


What are brain tumours?

Tumours in the brain may arise from the brain or from the

structures surrounding the brain. Growth of abnormally

growing cells in the brain causes brain tumours. They may

be benign or malignant. Unlike other parts of body, benign

brain tumours are as dangerous as malignant tumours

due to the pressure they exert on the brain.


Causes of brain tumours?

In most of the cases of brain tumours, no cause can be

found. Some cases may develop after radiation to the

brain for other reasons such as pituitary tumours or

leukemia. Some genetic syndromes like

Neurofibromatosis also lead to brain tumours. But in most

cases we do not know the cause of developing brain




What did l do that l got this tumour?

There is no precise answer to the cause of brain

Tumour thus it is not yet possible to say if there is anything

you might have done or not done to prevent this. But

certainly, “thinking more” or “exerting more” or “worrying

more” do not cause brain tumour.


Symptoms of brain tumour?

The presentation depend on the size. location in the brain


and the speed of growth of the tumour


– Headache which is usually early morning headache. It

may be associated with nausea and/or vomiting


– Seizures or fits occur in many cases of tumours and

may be the only symptoms in some of them.


– Weakness of any arm or leg. There may be deviation of

Face  to one side. There may also be imbalance of gait


– Loss of or decrease in vision. hearing. smell or taste.

There may be difficulty in swallowing


– Problems with memory or recent change of behavior


may occur




Is Brain Tumour Curable?

The benign tumours are mostly curable. They will not

reoccur if treated completely. The malignant tumours can

be treated but have a tendency to reoccur at some time

depending on its grade and nature. They will require to be

followed very closely.


what are treatment options?

 Surgery remains the mainstay of the treatment of most of

the brain tumours. Surgery removes the tumour and

reduces the pressure in the brain. it gives the pathological

diagnosis by biopsy of the removed tumour.


Other modalities like radiotherapy or chemotherapy also

Work better if bulk of tumour is reduced.


Is the surgery for brain tumor safe?

Safety of surgery largely depends on the location of the

tumour and the condition of the patient at the time of

surgery. Certain advancements like operating microscope

and CUSA machine make the surgery much more precise

and safe. Elective brain surgeries are much safer than the

general perception about them.


what happen after surgery?

After surgery you will need a period of rest for the healing

to occur The better you were at time of surgery. the faster

is the recovery generally. Depending on the report of the

biopsy, further treatment in form of radiotherapy or

chemotherapy may be started after few days.


when should be surgery be done?

Surgery should be done as soon as possible after













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